Our fish ratings
Each of the fish included on the MCS websites have been given a rating to enable you to quickly identify species that are considered to be the most sustainably produced, and those species which are not.
Green rated Fish, ‘Best Choice’, are rated 1 and 2, and red rated fish, ‘Fish to Avoid’, are Rated 5.
The rating system has been developed by the Marine Conservation Society as advice for choosing the most environmentally sustainable fish.
Rating 1 - Best Choice
Indicates the most sustainably caught or farmed fish.
Rating 2 - Good Choice
Indicates sustainably caught or responsibly farmed fish.
Rating 3 - OK
Indicates fish which are an OK choice, but require some improvements.
Rating 4 - Requires Improvement
Indicates fish which are some way from being sustainably caught or farmed and require significant improvements. We recommend that you seek alternatives where you can.
Rating 5 - Improver
Indicates fish which have been assessed and rated 5 (red) due to significant environmental concerns yet credible efforts to improve the fishery or farming system have been agreed through a Fisheries or Aquaculture Improvement Project – a FIP or an AIP - and work is underway. Such projects are normally publicly listed at www.fisheryprogress.org. MCS wants to encourage environmental improvements in fisheries and fish farms, and so does not recommend avoiding these fish, as we normally do for seafood rated 5 (red rated), thus providing, we hope, an incentive for businesses to support credible improvement projects.
Rating 5 - Avoid
Indicates fish from the most unsustainable fisheries or farming systems. We recommend avoiding these fish (Or encourage businesses to establish a credible improvement project).
Twice a year, following the regular releases of scientific advice, MCS updates and consults on proposed changes to our seafood ratings. If you have an interest in our ratings and have technical insight and information that could contribute to the comprehensiveness and quality of these assessments, we welcome your input. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org to be added to the Ratings Consultation mailing list to be notified when consultations open.
Actions you can take
- Download our latest Aquaculture Methodology Version 3 / 2020
- Download Our Introduction to Seafood Ratings
- View the Good Fish Guide online
- Download our LATEST Wild Capture Ratings Methodology (June 2018 onwards)
- View our previous ratings methodologies
- Guidance on Habitat Scoring for MPAs
Did you know?…
An estimated £1.1 billion is spent on fish and chips every year in the UK
21.7 million tonnes of wild caught fish are not for people to eat; almost 75% of this is to feed farmed fish
In the UK we eat 486,000 tonnes of seafood a year, which is 8.2kg per person
What's your impact on our seas?
You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.
Make the right choice and reduce your impact - every purchase matters!See our top tips