Blackwater, Crouch, Roach and Colne Estuaries MCZ
This site is located on the Essex coast and includes the area where the estuary mouth joins the North Sea. This is one of the largest inshore Marine Conservation Zones (MCZ), a type of Marine Protected Area, covering an area of 284 km2.
This site is made up of saltmarshes and mudflats and is home to the native oyster. Sea snails, crabs and sea urchins live amongst the oyster beds.
MPA TypeMarine Conservation Zone
Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) are designated under UK legislation (Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009) and have been established around England, Wales and Northern Ireland to contribute to the UK MPA network protect a range of nationally important marine wildlife, habitats, geology and geomorphology, and can be designated anywhere in English and Welsh territorial and UK offshore waters.
Surface Area284.40 km2 (109.81 mi.2)
Perimeter1,366.36 km (849.01 mi.)
Coordinates (central point)51° 42' 58" North, 0° 58' 39" East
Intertidal mixed sediments
Sheltered shores where there is a mixture of pebbles, gravels, sands and mud and there may also be rocks and a few large boulders. Because it’s diverse, it provides a home for a wide variety of animals.
Maerl beds include several species of red seaweed, with hard, chalky skeletons. Maerl is rock hard and grows, unattached to the seabed, in little nodules or branched shapes on the seabed. Each bit is quite small, but they can accumulate in large areas tha
Native oyster beds (Ostrea edulis)
Native oysters are two shelled animals - one half is like a cup and attaches to the rock, the other is flat and forms a lid. In shallow water on fine, muddy sand, they can be found in huge numbers and form extensive beds, which become home to many other m
Seasearch dives in 2012 recorded invasive slipper limpets as well as large areas of peacock fan worms at this site. Subsequently the rare sponge Suberites massa has been recorded here.Learn more about Seasearch
Did you know?…
An area over 9 times the size of Wales is now in marine protected areas in the UK, but less than 1% is considered by MCS scientists to be well managed
Over 500,000 records on undersea habitats and species have been collected by volunteer Seasearch divers providing significant evidence for inshore ‘marine protected areas’
To the shelf limits, Scotland has 61% of UK waters, of which 23% are now in existing or new ‘marine protected areas’
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