Belfast Lough SPA
Belfast Lough is a large, open sea lough located on the north-eastern coast of Northern Ireland. The inner part of the lough comprises mainly mud-flats and lagoons, which are important feeding and roosting sites for significant numbers of wintering waders and wildfowl. The outer lough is made up of rocky shores with some small sandy bays and beach-head saltmarsh. The site is of importance for a wide range of wintering waterbirds. This area has two protected areas which have been designated, Belfast Lough Open Water and Belfast Lough, both of which are Special Protection Areas. There is a proposed Marine Conservation Zone in this area too. They are all types of Marine Protected Area, with each aiming to protect different features of the site. This site aims to protect certain species of bird including the bar-tailed godwit, the redshank and the turnstone. Over winter, the area regularly supports 20,492 individual waterfowl birds including: goldeneye, redshank, turnstone, great crested grebe, cormorant, shelduck, mallard, bar-tailed godwit, eider, curlew, red-breasted merganser, oystercatcher, ringed plover, lapwing, knot, dunlin, black-tailed godwit and scaup.
MPA TypeSpecial Protection Area
Special Protection Areas (SPAs) are strictly protected sites designated uner European legislation. They are established to protect rare and vulnerable birds and for regularly occurring migratory species.
Designation date1 August 1998
Surface Area4.32 km2 (1.67 mi.2)
Perimeter75.01 km (46.61 mi.)
Did you know?…
Over half a million people have voiced their support for ‘marine protected area’ designation in the UK through our campaigns
Over 170 parliamentarians from across the political spectrum signed up to our Marine Charter calling for a network of ‘marine protected areas’ in UK Seas
Over 500,000 records on undersea habitats and species have been collected by volunteer Seasearch divers providing significant evidence for inshore ‘marine protected areas’
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