Skomer, Skokholm and the Seas off Pembrokeshire / Sgomer, Sgogwm a Moroedd Penfro SPA

Status: Designated


Site overview

This site includes Skomer, Skokholm and Middleholm - three magnificent islands located off the south-west tip of Pembrokeshire, Wales. The coastal habitats and cliffs here support an important resident population of chough - a member of the crow family with a red beak and legs. The islands also support a large number of breeding seabirds

MPA Type

Special Protection Area

Special Protection Areas (SPAs) are strictly protected sites designated uner European legislation. They are established to protect rare and vulnerable birds and for regularly occurring migratory species.

Designation date

1 August 1982

Surface Area

1,666.76 km2 (643.54 mi.2)


383.90 km (238.54 mi.)

  • Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica)

    Puffins are unmistakable and much loved birds. Sometimes referred to as the clown among seabirds they are one of the world’s favourite birds. With half of the UK population at only a few sites it is a Red List species.

  • European storm-petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus)

    A small seabird that only comes to land to breed and spends the rest of its life at sea. They nest in burrows below ground on offshore islands.

  • Seabird assemblage (Seabird assemblage)

    Important areas where a number of seabird species occur in significant numbers.

  • Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus)

    A seabird with long straight slim wings that flies with a series of rapid stiff-winged flaps followed by long glides on stiff straight wings over the surface of the sea, occasionally banking or ‘shearing’ - hence the name.

  • Lesser black-backed gull (Larus fuscus)

    The UK is home to¬†40% of the world’s population of this medium sized gull and there are serious concerns about declines in parts of its range.

  • Marine areas, Sea inlets
  • Tidal rivers, Estuaries, Mud flats, Sand flats, Lagoons (including saltwork basins)

Did you know?…

To the shelf limits, Scotland has 61% of UK waters, of which 23% are now in existing or new ‘marine protected areas’

Over 170 parliamentarians from across the political spectrum signed up to our Marine Charter calling for a network of ‘marine protected areas’ in UK Seas