Crouch and Roach Estuaries (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 3)

Site overview: These estuaries are on the coast of south Essex in eastern England. There is a narrow strip of tidal mud here which is used by large numbers of birds as a feeding ground. During the winter months waterbirds, especially dark-bellied brent geese call this area home. The Crouch and Roach Estuary is an integral component of the phased Mid-Essex Coast Special Protection Area (a type of Marine Protected Area).

Designation Status
Last Updated
6 June 2017
MPA Type
Special Protection Area
MPA Purpose
areas of the most important habitat for rare (listed on Annex I to the Directive) and migratory birds within the European Union


51° 37' 34" North,
0° 43' 51" East

Surface Area

17.45 km2
(6.74 mi.2 )

Iconic features protected by this site


  • Tidal rivers, Estuaries, Mud flats, Sand flats, Lagoons (including saltwork basins)
  • Salt marshes, Salt pastures, Salt steppes


  • Waterfowl assemblage


  • Dark-bellied brent goose (Branta bernicla bernicla) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) (Annex I (species))