Stour and Orwell Estuaries


Site overview: The Stour and Orwell estuaries straddle the eastern part of the Essex/Suffolk border in eastern England. The estuaries are made up of mud-flats, low cliffs and salt-marsh. In summer, the site becomes home for lots of breeding avocets. In winter waterbirds flock to this area, especially geese, ducks and waders. The geese also feed, and waders roost, in surrounding areas of agricultural land outside the site.


Designation Status
Designated
Last Updated
6 June 2017
MPA Type
Special Protection Area
MPA Purpose
areas of the most important habitat for rare (listed on Annex I to the Directive) and migratory birds within the European Union


Coordinates

51° 58' 7" North,
1° 11' 13" East

Surface Area

36.71 km2
(14.17 mi.2 )

Iconic features protected by this site

Habitat

  • Tidal rivers, Estuaries, Mud flats, Sand flats, Lagoons (including saltwork basins)
  • Salt marshes, Salt pastures, Salt steppes

Species

  • Ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Ringed plover (Charadrius hiaticula) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Eurasian wigeon (Anas penelope) (Regularly occurring migratory species)

Assemblage

  • Waterfowl assemblage

Species

  • Common redshank (Tringa totanus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Red knot (Calidris canutus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Dunlin (Calidris alpina alpina) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa islandica) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Grey plover (Pluvialis squatarola) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Common shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Eurasian curlew (Numenius arquata) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Northern pintail (Anas acuta) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Dark-bellied brent goose (Branta bernicla bernicla) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Pied avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) (Annex I (species))
  • Gadwall (Anas strepera) (Regularly occurring migratory species)