North Norfolk Coast

Site overview: This site makes up much of the northern coastline of Norfolk in eastern England. It is a low-lying coast that extends for 40 km from Holme to Weybourne. The site is made up of sand- and mud-flats, saltmarshes, shingle and sand dunes, reedbeds, and some of the best examples of saltmarsh in Europe. In summer, the site is home to large breeding populations of waders, four species of tern, bitterns and wetland raptors, such as marsh harriers. In winter, the area is used by large numbers of geese, sea-ducks, other ducks and waders.

Designation Status
Last Updated
6 June 2017
MPA Type
Special Protection Area
MPA Purpose
areas of the most important habitat for rare (listed on Annex I to the Directive) and migratory birds within the European Union


52° 58' 20" North,
0° 49' 2" East

Surface Area

78.61 km2
(30.35 mi.2 )

Iconic features protected by this site


  • Tidal rivers, Estuaries, Mud flats, Sand flats, Lagoons (including saltwork basins)
  • Salt marshes, Salt pastures, Salt steppes


  • Little tern (Sterna albifrons) (Annex I (species))
  • Eurasian wigeon (Anas penelope) (Regularly occurring migratory species)


  • Waterfowl assemblage


  • Common tern (Sterna hirundo) (Annex I (species))
  • Pink-footed goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Sandwich tern (Sterna sandvicensis) (Annex I (species))
  • Red knot (Calidris canutus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Eurasian marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus) (Annex I (species))
  • Dark-bellied brent goose (Branta bernicla bernicla) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Pied avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) (Annex I (species))