Firth of Forth


Site overview: This site is on the east coast of central Scotland and is made up of a series of estuaries that span 100 km from the River Forth at Stirling, eastwards past Edinburgh, and along the coasts of Fife and East Lothian. Saltmarshes, dune systems, maritime grasslands, heath and fen, cliff slopes, shingle and brackish lagoons make up the habitats in this site. Eelgrass grows on the main mud-flats, which provide an important food source for the large numbers of migrating and wintering waterbirds that depend on the estuary. Divers, sea-ducks, geese, other ducks, waders and terns all come through this area when migrating.


Designation Status
Designated
Last Updated
6 June 2017
MPA Type
Special Protection Area
MPA Purpose
areas of the most important habitat for rare (listed on Annex I to the Directive) and migratory birds within the European Union


Coordinates

56° 2' 11" North,
3° 15' 28" West

Surface Area

63.22 km2
(24.41 mi.2 )

Iconic features protected by this site

Habitat

  • Tidal rivers, Estuaries, Mud flats, Sand flats, Lagoons (including saltwork basins)
  • Salt marshes, Salt pastures, Salt steppes

Species

  • Ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Ringed plover (Charadrius hiaticula) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata) (Annex I (species))
  • Eurasian wigeon (Anas penelope) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Bar-tailed godwit (Limosa lapponica) (Annex I (species))

Assemblage

  • Waterfowl assemblage

Species

  • Red-breasted merganser (Mergus serrator) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Common redshank (Tringa totanus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Pink-footed goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Sandwich tern (Sterna sandvicensis) (Annex I (species))
  • Eurasian oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Dunlin (Calidris alpina alpina) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Velvet scoter (Melanitta fusca) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Black (common) scoter (Melanitta nigra) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Grey plover (Pluvialis squatarola) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Common eider (Somateria mollissima) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Common shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Greater scaup (Aythya marila) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Eurasian curlew (Numenius arquata) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Slavonian grebe (Podiceps auritus) (Annex I (species))
  • Great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) (Regularly occurring migratory species)