Cromarty Firth

Site overview: This site is located in north-eastern Scotland and is one of the major firths on the east shore of the Moray Firth. Beds of eelgrass grow here alongside glasswort and algae, all provide important food sources for large numbers of wintering and migrating waterbirds (swans, geese, ducks and waders).

Designation Status
Last Updated
6 June 2017
MPA Type
Special Protection Area
MPA Purpose
areas of the most important habitat for rare (listed on Annex I to the Directive) and migratory birds within the European Union


57° 40' 12" North,
4° 12' 35" West

Surface Area

32.49 km2
(12.54 mi.2 )

Iconic features protected by this site


  • Tidal rivers, Estuaries, Mud flats, Sand flats, Lagoons (including saltwork basins)
  • Salt marshes, Salt pastures, Salt steppes


  • Greylag goose (Anser anser [Iceland/UK/Ireland]) (Regularly occurring migratory species)
  • Bar-tailed godwit (Limosa lapponica) (Annex I (species))
  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) (Annex I (species))


  • Waterfowl assemblage


  • Common tern (Sterna hirundo) (Annex I (species))