Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast

Site overview
This beautiful area of coastline in north-east England and south-east Scotland is an excellent site for mudflats and sandflats. The site ranges from harsh, wave-exposed beaches to sheltered muddy flats. The largest intertidal beds of narrow-leaved eelgrass and dwarf eelgrass on the east coast of England grow here. There are also a couple of large mussel beds. Sandeels live in the sandy seabed along with worms - both of which are a food source for larger sea creatures. There are also submerged sea caves, tunnels and arches in the volcanic rock of the Farne Islands and around St Abb’s Head. Grey seals call this area home and around 2.5% of total yearly population of seal pups in the UK are born here.

Designation Status
Last Updated
6 June 2017
MPA Type
Special Area of Conservation
MPA Purpose
areas which have been identified as best representing the range and variety within the European Union of habitats and (non-bird) species listed on Annexes I and II to the Directive


55° 38' 41" North,
1° 42' 6" West

Surface Area

653.10 km2
(252.16 mi.2 )


246.55 km
(153.20 mi.)

Iconic features protected by this site


  • Intertidal mudflats and sandflats (Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide)
  • Reefs
  • Shallow inlets and bays (Large shallow inlets and bays)
  • Sea caves (Submerged or partially submerged sea caves)


  • Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus)