The Barra Fan and Hebrides Terrace Seamount NCMPA
This site is in the west of Scotland next to the boundary with Irish waters. The Fan part of this site’s name refers to a large build-up of sediments here. The site also includes the remains of an ancient volcano. The seamount is thought to be important to the health of Scotland’s seas because of its effect on movement of underwater currents, which bring food for sea creatures to the area. Cold-water corals, deep sea sponges and fish such as orange roughy all live here. Several species of sharks and whales swim through.
MPA TypeNature Conservation Marine Protected Area
Nature Conservation Marine Protected Areas (NCMPAs) are designated under UK legislation (Marine Scotland Act 2010) and have been established around Scotland to contribute to the UK MPA network by protecting a range of important habitats, species and features of the seabed.
Designation date24 July 2014
Surface Area4,379.02 km2 (1,690.75 mi.2)
Perimeter284.24 km (176.62 mi.)
Burrowed mud is a surprisingly important marine habitat which supports a rich community of animals. There are the burrow-making animals that live within the mud itself, including fish, worms, brittlestars, crabs and shrimps. Secondly, there are those a
Offshore deep sea muds
One of the most widespread and common habitats in the Scottish offshore environment which supports a variety of animals including prawns, shellfish, starfish and worms.
A relatively steeply sloping surface between the outer edge of the continental shelf, the area of seabed around the UK which is shallower than the open ocean, and the deep ocean floor.
Offshore subtidal sands and gravels
Offshore areas of sand and gravel that are offshore and always covered by water. These habitats can support a rich variety of life and support internationally important commercial fisheries, such as those for scallops and flatfish.
The biological communities found on the large geological structures that are seamounts. These include a range of animals from fragile corals and sponges through to polychaete worms and sea stars that may live in association with sediments on and around se
A large-scale undersea topographic feature that rises steeply several hundred meters from the surrounding deep-ocean floor.
Geomorphological features representative of The Barra Fan and The Peaches Slide Complex Key Geodiversity Areas: iceberg ploughmark field, prograding wedges, continental slope turbidite canyons, slide deposits, scour moat, continental slope, Hebrides Terr
A wide range of features resulting from landscape scale changes in the past including iceberg ploughmark field, prograding wedges, continental slope turbidite canyons, slide deposits, scour moat, continental slope, Hebrides Terrace Seamount
Did you know?…
Over 500,000 records on undersea habitats and species have been collected by volunteer Seasearch divers providing significant evidence for inshore ‘marine protected areas’
Over half a million people have voiced their support for ‘marine protected area’ designation in the UK through our campaigns
To the shelf limits, Scotland has 61% of UK waters, of which 23% are now in existing or new ‘marine protected areas’