Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 61 - 76 of 144 species.
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Mussel, mussels (Farmed)

Mytilus edulis

Best steamed with garlic, butter, lemon juice, white wine or other sauces. If cooked well they taste like the ocean with a hint of mushroom. The whole thing is eaten, apart from the shell and they can be eaten raw. Found in number on UK Read more

Picture of Mussel, mussels (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Suspension culture
Rating: one info
Full details

Nursehound, Bull Huss, Greater Spotted Dogfish

Scyliorhinus stellaris

Sharks and rays are found in all the worlds oceans, from the poles to the tropics to shallow water coral reefs to water over 3,000 m deep. The Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas) is unusual as it is able to enter fresh water river systems Read more

Picture of Nursehound, Bull Huss, Greater Spotted Dogfish
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea and English Channel
Stock detail

6 and 7


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea and English Channel
Stock detail

6 and 7


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea and English Channel
Stock detail

6 and 7


Rating: five info
Full details

Octopus, Common

Octopus vulgaris

Little information is available on the stock status of octopus as they are not subject to stock assessment or quota controls by ICES or the European Commission. The general biological characteristics of octopus - short life span, Read more

Picture of Octopus, Common
Sustainability rating: four with at least one rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam Trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Octopus, Lesser

Eledone cirrhosa

Little information is available on stock status as the species is not subject to stock assessment or quota controls. No minimum landing size is specified for the lesser octopus in European waters (a minimum landing weight of 750g is Read more

Picture of Octopus, Lesser
Sustainability rating: four with at least one rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Oyster, Native, oysters (Caught at sea)

Ostrea edulis

Picture of Oyster, Native, oysters (Caught at sea)
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Sail and oar
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Dredge
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hand-gathering
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Oyster, Native, oysters (Farmed)

Ostrea edulis

A great choice for special occasions, or a regular treat! Often eaten raw, but can be lightly cooked. They taste like a mouthful of seawater, in fact the French poet Leon-Paul Fargue said eating one was 'like kissing the sea on the lips'. Read more

Picture of Oyster, Native, oysters (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Bottom & suspension culture
Rating: one info
Full details

Oyster, Pacific, oysters

Crassostrea gigas

A great choice for special occasions, or a regular treat! Often eaten raw, but can be lightly cooked. They taste like a mouthful of seawater, in fact the French poet Leon-Paul Fargue said eating one was 'like kissing the sea on the lips'. Read more

Picture of Oyster, Pacific, oysters
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Bottom & suspension culture
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — England
Production method
Rating: one info
Full details

Parrotfish, Uhu

Scarus spp.

Parrotfish are moderately resilient to fishing but there is very little data available on their abundance or exploitation rates. And little or no management of the species. Despite the prevalence of marine reserves, the effectiveness of Read more

Picture of Parrotfish, Uhu
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — Worldwide (FAO All Areas)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail
Rating: five info
Full details

Plaice

Pleuronectes platessa

Another chip shop favourite. It's a right-eyed, oval-shaped flatfish with characteristic reddy orange spots and a pearly white underside. Its orange spots are an indication of freshness; brighter spots mean a fresher fish. Found all around Read more

Picture of Plaice
Sustainability range: from two to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea and Skagerrak
Stock detail
  1. and Subdivision 20

Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Eastern Channel
Stock detail

VIId


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Bristol Channel and Celtic Sea
Stock detail

7.f and g


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Bristol Channel and Celtic Sea
Stock detail

7.f and g


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea and Skagerrak
Stock detail
  1. and Subdivision 20

Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Eastern Channel
Stock detail

VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

7.e


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

7.e


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

7.e


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic Sea
Stock detail

Subdivisions 24-32


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic Sea
Stock detail

Subdivisions 24-32


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Seine net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — West of Ireland
Stock detail
  1. b-c

Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — West of Ireland
Stock detail
  1. b-c

Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — West of Ireland
Stock detail
  1. b-c

Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pulse trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea and Skagerrak
Stock detail
  1. and Subdivision 20

Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Seine net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Southwest Ireland
Stock detail
  1. h-k

Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Southwest Ireland
Stock detail
  1. h-k

Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Southwest Ireland
Stock detail
  1. h-k

Rating: five info
Full details

Pollack or Lythe

Pollachius pollachius

Picture of Pollack or Lythe
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Handline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Seas and the English Channel
Stock detail

6.-7.


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Seas and the English Channel
Stock detail

6.-7.


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Handline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Seas and the English Channel
Stock detail

6.-7.


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail
  1. and 3.a

Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail
  1. and 3.a

Rating: four info
Full details

Pollock, Alaska, Walleye

Theragra chalcogramma

If you like cod or haddock, you'll like Alaska pollock. It's a white fish, mild in flavour and low in fat. Makes great fishcakes, is best steamed and is the fish used in McDonald's Filet-O-Fish! A member of the cod family, it's found Read more

Picture of Pollock, Alaska, Walleye
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Gulf of Alaska


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Gulf of Alaska


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Okhotsk Sea
Stock detail

Okhotsk Sea


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Western Bering Sea
Stock detail

Western Bering Sea


Rating: five info
Full details

Pouting or Bib

Trisopterus luscus

Popular with French cooks who flour their pouting and fry or steam it with salted butter, it can also be poached then sauted. It's best to eat within six hours of being caught as after that it loses flavour. A member of the cod family, bib Read more

Picture of Pouting or Bib
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

7


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

7


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Prawn, Endeavour, Greasy back

Metapenaeus spp

The Marine Conservation Society Fishery Team is currently updating the consumer advice for this entry

Picture of Prawn, Endeavour, Greasy back
Sustainability rating: rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — Eastern Indian Ocean (FAO 57)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Prawn, Giant River, prawns

Macrobrachium rosenbergii

Prawns are usually sold peeled, cooked and frozen or whole. Pop them in a curry or sling them on a salad. Their tails are used in traditional prawn cocktails - cocked over the side of the glass. This large freshwater shrimp is native to Read more

Picture of Prawn, Giant River, prawns
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Bangladesh
Production method — Extensive pond
Rating: three info
Full details

Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns

Litopenaeus vannamei

Prawns are usually sold peeled, cooked and frozen or whole. Pop them in a curry or sling them on a salad. Their tails are used in traditional prawn cocktails - cocked over the side of the glass. The tiger prawn belongs to the largest of Read more

Picture of Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Closed land based system
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification

Organic certification


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — All
Certification

ASC


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification

GAA BAP certification (4*)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Ecuador, Honduras
Production method — Pond system, intensive
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification

GlobalGap certified


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification

GAA BAP certification (2 and 3*)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — India, Vietnam and Indonesia
Production method — Pond system, Intensive & Semi-intensive
Rating: five info
Full details

Showing 61 - 76 of 144 species.
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