Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 61 - 76 of 134 species.
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Mussel, mussels (Farmed)

Mytilus edulis

Mussels are widely cultivated. Shellfish farming is a low-impact method of aquaculture and high quality water standards are required for cultivation of shellfish for human consumption. Mussel farming requires no feed inputs therefore Read more

Picture of Mussel, mussels (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK and Ireland (Republic of)
Production method — Suspended Rope Culture and Bottom Culture
Certification — Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) and/or Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK and Ireland (Republic of)
Production method — Suspended Rope Culture and Bottom Culture
Rating: one info
Full details

Nursehound, Bull Huss, Greater Spotted Dogfish

Scyliorhinus stellaris

Sharks and rays are found in all the worlds oceans, from the poles to the tropics to shallow water coral reefs to water over 3,000 m deep. The Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas) is unusual as it is able to enter fresh water river systems Read more

Picture of Nursehound, Bull Huss, Greater Spotted Dogfish
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea and English Channel
Stock detail — 6 and 7
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea and English Channel
Stock detail — 6 and 7
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea and English Channel
Stock detail — 6 and 7
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: five info
Full details

Octopus, Common

Octopus vulgaris

Octopus sustainability varies and needs significant improvement. Avoid all octopus caught in British waters. There is not enough information on populations here and no real controls on fishing to protect them. The better choice is common Read more

Picture of Octopus, Common
Sustainability range: from four to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cantabrian Sea and Atlantic Iberian waters
Stock detail — 8c, 9a
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cantabrian Sea and Atlantic Iberian waters
Stock detail — 8c, 9a
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or trap
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cantabrian Sea and Atlantic Iberian waters
Stock detail — 8c, 9a
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — British waters
Stock detail — UK EEZ (except Cornwall)
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — British waters
Stock detail — UK EEZ (except Cornwall)
Rating: five info
Full details

Octopus, Horned

Eledone cirrhosa

Octopus sustainability varies and needs significant improvement. Avoid all octopus caught in British waters. There is not enough information on populations here and no real controls on fishing to protect them. The better choice is common Read more

Picture of Octopus, Horned
Sustainability range: from four to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — British waters
Stock detail — UK EEZ (except Cornwall)
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — British waters
Stock detail — UK EEZ (except Cornwall)
Rating: five info
Full details

Oyster, Native, oysters

Ostrea edulis

Throughout European waters including much of Britain the native oyster is depleted in the wild. Areas once noted for their large natural beds are now being used for oyster farming or cultivation including non-native species, such as the Read more

Picture of Oyster, Native, oysters
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Bottom & suspension culture
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Sail and oar
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Dredge
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hand-gathering
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: five info
Full details

Oyster, Pacific, oysters

Crassostrea gigas

Throughout European waters including much of Britain the native oyster is depleted in the wild. Areas once noted for their large natural beds are now being used for oyster farming or cultivation including non-native species, such as the Read more

Picture of Oyster, Pacific, oysters
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Bottom & suspension culture
Rating: one info
Full details

Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Caught at sea)

Crassostrea gigas

Picture of Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Caught at sea)
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hand collected
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: two info
Full details

Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Farmed)

Crassostrea gigas

Picture of Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Cornwall, UK
Production method — Bag culture
Rating: one info
Full details

Plaice

Pleuronectes platessa

Plaice is a popular fish for consumption and is subject to high fishing pressure. The state of plaice stocks around the UK vary. Currently the best choice for plaice is from North Sea, where the stocks are assessed as healthy and fishing Read more

Picture of Plaice
Sustainability range: from two to five with at least one rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pulse trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak
Stock detail — 4, 3a.20
Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak
Stock detail — 4, 3a.20
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak
Stock detail — 4, 3a.20
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel (East)
Stock detail — 7d
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea, Bristol Channel
Stock detail — 7f, 7g
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel (East)
Stock detail — 7d
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel (West)
Stock detail — 7e
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel (West)
Stock detail — 7e
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel (West)
Stock detail — 7e
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail — 7a
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail — 7a
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic Sea (East)
Stock detail — 3d (subdivisions 24-32)
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic Sea (East)
Stock detail — 3d (subdivisions 24-32)
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea, Bristol Channel
Stock detail — 7f, 7g
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea South, southwest of Ireland
Stock detail — 7h-k
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea South, southwest of Ireland
Stock detail — 7h-k
Rating: five info
Full details

Pollack or Lythe

Pollachius pollachius

There is insufficient information available to evaluate stock biomass and fishing mortality for pollack. The best choice to make, in terms of selectivity, is handline-caught pollack from the southwest. For more information on line caught Read more

Picture of Pollack or Lythe
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Seas, West of Scotland
Stock detail — 6, 7
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Seas, West of Scotland
Stock detail — 6, 7
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Handline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Seas, West of Scotland
Stock detail — 6, 7
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Handline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail — 4, 3a
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail — 4, 3a
Rating: four info
Full details

Pollock, Alaska, Walleye

Theragra chalcogramma

Pollock in US fisheries are generally at healthy levels. They are managed through a suite of management measures and bycatch in the fishery is generally small. Choose Marine Stewardship Council certified pollock as they tend to employ Read more

Picture of Pollock, Alaska, Walleye
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail — Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail — Gulf of Alaska
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Russia
Stock detail — Sea of Okhotsk
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail — Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail — Gulf of Alaska
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Russia
Stock detail — Bering Sea (West). Navarinsky stock.
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Russia
Stock detail — Bering Sea (West)
Rating: five info
Full details

Pouting or Bib

Trisopterus luscus

Pouting (or Bib) is a short-lived species common in British inshore waters. It is not commercially fished and is usually only taken as bycatch. Their stock status is unknown, but recent research suggests stocks might be declining. Read more

Picture of Pouting or Bib
Sustainability rating: four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail — 7
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: four info
Full details

Prawn, Giant River, prawns

Macrobrachium rosenbergii

Prawns are usually sold peeled, cooked and frozen or whole. Pop them in a curry or sling them on a salad. Their tails are used in traditional prawn cocktails - cocked over the side of the glass. This large freshwater shrimp is native to Read more

Picture of Prawn, Giant River, prawns
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Bangladesh
Production method — Extensive pond
Rating: three info
Full details

Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns

Litopenaeus vannamei

Only buy king prawns from suppliers that can ensure their product is sourced from farms that comply with environmental standards for habitat protection and impacts of production. Organic farming standards ensures many such standards are Read more

Picture of Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Closed land based system
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification — Soil Association and EU Organic certification
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — All
Certification — Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) certification
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification — Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 4* certified
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Ecuador, Honduras
Production method — Pond system, intensive
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification — GLOBALG.A.P. certification
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification — Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 2 & 3* certified
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — India, Vietnam and Indonesia
Production method — Pond system, Intensive & Semi-intensive
Rating: five info
Full details

Prawn, Northern prawns, Northern shrimp

Pandalus borealis

Northern prawn or shrimp (the names are often used interchangeably) are cold-water crustaceans, distinct from warm water species found in tropical waters. Increase the sustainability of the fish you eat by choosing only prawns taken in Read more

Picture of Prawn, Northern prawns, Northern shrimp
Sustainability range: from two to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic (Barents Sea)
Stock detail — 1, 2
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — Disko Bay and West Greenland
Stock detail — NAFO Subareas 1A-F and 0A
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic (Barents Sea)
Stock detail — 1, 2
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea (Norwegian Deep), Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail — 4a, 3a
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea (Norwegian Deep), Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail — 4a, 3a
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: three info
Full details

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