Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 16 - 31 of 146 species.
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Cod, Atlantic Cod

Gadus morhua

The most popular cuts are steaks and fillets which can be poached, grilled or baked. It's easy and quick to cook and is traditionally served with parsley sauce and lemon wedges and of course, chips. Cod roe and milt or sperm is also eaten. Read more

Picture of Cod, Atlantic Cod
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic (Barents and Norwegian Sea)
Stock detail

I & II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic East
Stock detail

Subdivisions 24-32


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic East
Stock detail

Subdivisions 24-32


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Kattegat
Stock detail

IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Kattegat
Stock detail

IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Seine net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Kattegat
Stock detail

IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Skagerrak, North Sea, Eastern Channel
Stock detail

IIIa, IV, VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Skagerrak, North Sea, Eastern Channel
Stock detail

IIIa, IV, VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Poundnet
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — West Greenland
Stock detail

XIV NAFO 1A-E (inshore)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Skagerrak, North Sea, Eastern Channel
Stock detail

IIIa, IV, VIId


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroe Bank
Stock detail

Vb 2


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroe Plateau
Stock detail

Vb I


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Handline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic West
Stock detail

Subdivisions 22-24


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic West
Stock detail

Subdivisions 22-24


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea
Stock detail

VII e-k


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea
Stock detail

VII e-k


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea
Stock detail

VII e-k


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Norwegian Coast
Stock detail

I & II


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — West Greenland
Stock detail

XIV NAFO 1A-E (offshore)


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroe Plateau
Stock detail

Vb I


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroe Plateau
Stock detail

Vb I


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — West Scotland
Stock detail

VIa


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Rockall
Stock detail

Vb I


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: five info
Full details

Cod, Pacific Cod

Gadus macrocephalus

A member of the cod family it is a moderately fast growing, short-lived species compared to other American bottom-dwelling fish. The Pacific cod fishery is reported to be well-managed with healthy stocks. Two Pacific cod fisheries in the Read more

Picture of Cod, Pacific Cod
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Russia
Stock detail

West Bering Sea; East Kamchatka & Karaginsky subzones


Certification

FIP Stage 4


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Russia
Stock detail

West Bering Sea; East Kamchatka & Karaginsky subzones


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Japan
Stock detail

North Pacific (Tohoku)


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Japan
Stock detail

Sea of Japan


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl; Longline
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Japan
Stock detail

Sea of Okhotsk


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Japan
Stock detail

South Hokkaido


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Japan
Stock detail

West Hokkaido


Rating: four info
Full details

Coley, Saithe

Pollachius virens

Sometimes called coal fish, this used to be a favourite of the nation's cats before tinned pet food was developed. Now, however, top chefs and leading supermarkets have changed all that, making it a great alternative to cod. Before cooking Read more

Picture of Coley, Saithe
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak, West of Scotland and Rockall
Stock detail

IV, IIIa, VI


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I and II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I and II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroes
Stock detail

Vb


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroes
Stock detail

Vb


Rating: three info
Full details

Crab, brown or edible

Cancer pagurus

Picture of Crab, brown or edible
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h (0- 6 nm)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

Devon Inshore Potting Area


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

VIIe


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea
Stock detail

VIIg


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h (0- 6 nm)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Wales
Stock detail

Pembrokeshire


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Scotland
Stock detail

Shetland


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Southern North Sea
Stock detail

IVc


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Central North Sea
Stock detail

IVb


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Eastern Channel
Stock detail

VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Scotland
Stock detail

Orkney


Rating: three info
Full details

Crab, spider

Maia brachydactylus

Picture of Crab, spider
Sustainability range: from two to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Crab, velvet swimming

Necora puber

The Marine Conservation Society Fishery Team is currently updating the consumer advice for this entry

Picture of Crab, velvet swimming
Sustainability rating: three with at least one rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel
Stock detail

VIIe, VIId


Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Crawfish

Palinurus elephas

Picture of Crawfish
Sustainability range: from four to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Dive caught
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: five info
Full details

Crawfish, Red Swamp

Procambarus clarkii

A member of the Cambaridae family, the Red Swamp Crawfish is commonly found in warm, fresh water. The average lifespan is five years and in this time weights of over 50g and lengths of 5 to 12cm can be reached. It is an omnivorous Read more

Picture of Crawfish, Red Swamp
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — US Southern states
Production method — Extensive pond and rice paddy
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — China
Production method — Extensive pond and rice paddy
Rating: three info
Full details

Crayfish or crawfish

Astacidae

Crayfish are eaten worldwide. Most are supplied from aquaculture. The major producers are China and the USA and the main species is the Red Swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii), which is native to the USA and has been introduced throughout Read more

Picture of Crayfish or crawfish
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Lake and waterway
Rating: one info
Full details

Cuttlefish

Sepia officinalis

Cuttlefish (family Sepiidae) belong to a specialised group of molluscs, known as cephalopods, which also includes octopus and squid. It is one of the most commercially important cephalopod species and is also used in aquaculture. A wide Read more

Picture of Cuttlefish
Sustainability range: from three to four with at least one rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hook & line
Capture area — Eastern Central Atlantic (FAO 34)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hook & line
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 57)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hook & line
Capture area — Western Indian Ocean, Western Central Pacific (FAO 51, 71)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

English Channel


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

English Channel


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam Trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Cuttlefish, Pharaoh

Sepia pharaonis

Cuttlefish (family Sepiidae) belong to a specialised group of molluscs, known as cephalopods, which also includes octopus and squid. A wide range of cuttlefish products are found including fresh,whole, fish and block-frozen baby Read more

Picture of Cuttlefish, Pharaoh
Sustainability rating: rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — Western Indian Ocean (FAO 51)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Dab

Limanda limanda

A versatile fish, dab can be grilled, baked or pan-fried whole, whilst fillets can be poached. Fresh dab tastes delicious and it looks a bit like plaice or flounder with both its eyes on the right side of its head.

Picture of Dab
Sustainability range: from two to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Seine net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail

IV, IIIa


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail

IV, IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail

IV, IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Devil fish, Giant Devil ray

Mobula mobular

Sharks and rays are found in all the worlds oceans, from the poles to the tropics to shallow water coral reefs to water over 3,000m deep. Sharks, skates and rays are fish but unlike bony fish (teleosts), they have a cartilaginous Read more

Picture of Devil fish, Giant Devil ray
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Dogfish, Lesser Spotted

Scyliorhinus canicula

Sharks and rays are found in all the worlds oceans, from the poles to the tropics to shallow water coral reefs to water over 3,000m deep. The Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas) is unusual as it is able to enter fresh water river systems Read more

Picture of Dogfish, Lesser Spotted
Sustainability rating: four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat, eastern English Channel, West of Scotland, Irish Sea and southern Celtic Seas
Stock detail

3a, 4, 7d


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat, eastern English Channel, West of Scotland, Irish Sea and southern Celtic Seas
Stock detail

3a, 4, 7d


Rating: four info
Full details

Eel, Conger

Conger conger

Conger eels are very susceptible to fishing pressure. Avoid eating.

Picture of Eel, Conger
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: five info
Full details

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