Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 136 - 151 of 158 species.
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Swordfish

Xiphias gladius

A magnificent solitary predator, extremely fast swimming with a fearsome-looking, pointed sword-like bill for stunning its prey. It can gather speed up to 50mph and can reach up to 4.5m in length! Like sharks, swordfish are at the top of Read more

Picture of Swordfish
Sustainability range: from two to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North West & Central West Atlantic (FAO 21, 31)
Stock area — North West & Central West Atlantic
Stock detail

Canadian and US certified fleets


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South West Pacific (FAO 71,77,81)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail

Certified fleets only


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Harpoon
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 77,87)
Stock area — North East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Harpoon
Capture area — South East Pacific (FAO 77,81,87)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South West Pacific (FAO 71,77,81)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Western & Central North Pacific (FAO 61,67,71,77)
Stock area — Western & Central North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 77,87)
Stock area — North East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,31,34,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South East Pacific (FAO 77,81,87)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Stock area — Mediterranean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — South East Pacific (FAO 77,81,87)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — South West Pacific (FAO 71,77,81)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Tilapia

Oreochromis niloticus niloticus

Tilapia is a low calorie, low carb and low sodium protein although it has got quite a high fat content. Its plain, rather muddy flavour allows it to take on other flavours and it can be cooked with a variety of herbs and spices. It can Read more

Picture of Tilapia
Sustainability range: from one to two info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Closed recirculation system (RAS) monoculture
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — All
Certification

ASC


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Zimbabwe
Production method — Open net pen
Rating: two info
Full details

Trout, Brown or Sea

Salmo trutta

Brown or sea and rainbow trout can be steamed or baked, whole or filleted, and is really tasty when cooked in the microwave. Also popular smoked. Not strongly flavoured but its low in fat - a third of the fat of salmon at just 135kcals per Read more

Picture of Trout, Brown or Sea
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Open net pen
Rating: three info
Full details

Trout, Rainbow

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Brown or sea and rainbow trout can be steamed or baked, whole or filleted, and is really tasty when cooked in the microwave. Also popular smoked. Not strongly flavoured but its low in fat - a third of the fat of salmon at just 135kcals per Read more

Picture of Trout, Rainbow
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Open system (pond and raceway)
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Freshwater pond without recirculation
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Open net pen and cage
Rating: three info
Full details

Tuna, albacore

Thunnus alalunga

Albacore are a moderate sized tuna that are primarily sold as fresh or frozen steaks and can also be used raw as sashimi.

Picture of Tuna, albacore
Sustainability range: from one to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — North Pacific (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — North Pacific (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — South Pacific (FAO 81,87,71,77)
Stock area — South Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Pacific (FAO 81,87,71,77)
Stock area — American Samoa, Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji,French Polynesia, High Seas, New Zealand
Stock detail

Certified fleets only


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North Pacific (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Pacific (FAO 81,87,71,77)
Stock area — South Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Stock area — Mediterranean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Tuna, Atlantic bluefin (Caught at sea)

Thunnus thynnus

Bluefin tunas are vulnerable, slow growing and long lived species that are heavily exploited across their range. The market value of individual fish regularly reaches tens of thousands of pounds with the record being over a million pounds Read more

Picture of Tuna, Atlantic bluefin (Caught at sea)
Sustainability rating: rating under review info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — East Atlantic & Mediterranean (FAO 27,37)
Stock area — East Atlantic & Mediterranean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: rating under review info
Full details

Tuna, Atlantic bluefin (Farmed)

Thunnus thynnus

Bluefin tunas are vulnerable, slow growing and long lived species that are heavily exploited across their range. The market value of individual fish regularly reaches tens of thousands of pounds with the record being over a million pounds Read more

Picture of Tuna, Atlantic bluefin (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Mediterranean
Production method — Marine net pen, capture based aquaculture
Rating: five info
Full details

Tuna, bigeye

Thunnus obesus

Bigeye tuna is a relatively large species of tuna, though not as large as bluefin, which is able to tolerate colder waters than the smaller tunas and is commonly found at greater depths. Bigeye is often sold as fresh or frozen steaks and Read more

Picture of Tuna, bigeye
Sustainability range: from two to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Eastern Pacific - EPO (FAO 77,87,81)
Stock area — Eastern Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Eastern Pacific - EPO (FAO 77,87,81)
Stock area — Eastern Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34,41,47)
Stock area — Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34,41,47)
Stock area — Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34,41,47)
Stock area — Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Tuna, Pacific bluefin

Thunnus orientalis

Bluefin tunas are vulnerable, slow growing and long lived species that are heavily exploited across their range. The market value of individual fish regularly reaches tens of thousands of pounds with the record being over a million pounds Read more

Picture of Tuna, Pacific bluefin
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — Pacific Ocean (FAO 61,67,71,77,81,87)
Stock area — Pacific Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Tuna, skipjack

Euthynnus pelamis, Katsuwonus pelamis

Skipjack are a relatively small tuna (growing to a metre in length) and sometimes sold as 'bonito' though this is a different species of fish. Skipjack is primarily sold in cans.

Picture of Tuna, skipjack
Sustainability range: from one to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — The Republic of Maldives EEZ
Stock detail

Certified fleets only


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Western Atlantic (FAO 21,31,41)
Stock area — West Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line; Troll
Capture area — Eastern Atlantic (FAO 27,34,47)
Stock area — East Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll; Pole & line
Capture area — Eastern Pacific - EPO (FAO 77,87,81)
Stock area — Eastern Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Eastern Pacific - EPO (FAO 77,87,81)
Stock area — Eastern Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD associated)
Capture area — Western Atlantic (FAO 21,31,41)
Stock area — West Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Eastern Atlantic (FAO 27,34,47)
Stock area — East Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Tuna, southern bluefin (Caught at sea)

Thunnus maccoyii

Bluefin tunas are vulnerable, slow growing and long lived species that are heavily exploited across their range. The market value of individual fish regularly reaches tens of thousands of pounds with the record being over a million pounds Read more

Picture of Tuna, southern bluefin (Caught at sea)
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — Worldwide (FAO All Areas)
Stock area — Southern Hemisphere
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Tuna, yellowfin

Thunnus albacares

A big bulky tuna, though not as large as bluefin, found in tropical or subtropical climates. The tail and some fins are yellow, the rest of the body a glistening dark blue, silvery on the underside. Yellowfin can be canned, sold as steaks Read more

Picture of Tuna, yellowfin
Sustainability range: from two to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line; Handline
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Philippines, Indo, PNG
Stock detail

Philippines, Indo, Vietnam, PNG EEZs


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Australia and Fiji
Stock detail

Certified fleets only


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34,41,47)
Stock area — Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Eastern Pacific - EPO (FAO 77,87,81)
Stock area — Eastern Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34,41,47)
Stock area — Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34,41,47)
Stock area — Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Eastern Pacific - EPO (FAO 77,87,81)
Stock area — Eastern Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (tuna-dolphin association)
Capture area — Eastern Pacific - EPO (FAO 77,87,81)
Stock area — Eastern Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Handline
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

Comoros, France and oversees territories, Italy (flag), Kenya, Mayotte, Madagasca, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Spain (flag), United Republic of Tanzania


Certification

FIP Stage 3. Click here for info on FIP; and FIP Stage 4. Click here for info on FIP


Rating: four to five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine (FAD & Free School)
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Western & Central Pacific - WCPO (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — Western and Central Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Turbot (Caught at sea)

Psetta maxima

One of the most expensive fish - once a symbol of luxury and ostentation - turbot belongs to a small family of left-eyed flatfish (both eyes on the left of the body). It is mainly supplied to and sold by the restaurant trade. Turbot may Read more

Picture of Turbot (Caught at sea)
Sustainability range: from two to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea
Stock detail

IV


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hook & line
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea
Stock detail

IV


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea
Stock detail

IV


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea
Stock detail

IV


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea
Stock detail

IV


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Tangle net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: four info
Full details

Turbot (Farmed)

Psetta maxima

One of the most expensive fish - once a symbol of luxury and ostentation - turbot belongs to a small family of left-eyed flatfish (both eyes on the left of the body. It is mainly supplied to and sold by the restaurant trade. Turbot may be Read more

Picture of Turbot (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Onshore open circuit system
Rating: two info
Full details

Tusk

Brosme brosme

Deepsea fish are biologically highly vulnerable to over-exploitation and have a low resilience to fishing. There is currently very little data on the deep sea ecosystem and fish stocks, thus it is almost impossible to manage deepsea Read more

Picture of Tusk
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Atlantic
Stock detail

IV, VII-IX, IIIa, Vb, VIa, and XIIb


Rating: three info
Full details

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