Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 106 - 121 of 136 species.
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Sprat, whitebait

Sprattus sprattus

The term whitebait is used widely throughout the world, referring to small, usually marine, fishes. It has been reported that whitebait available in the UK is made up mostly of young sprats from the Baltic Sea, but depending on the source, Read more

Picture of Sprat, whitebait
Sustainability range: from one to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic Sea
Stock detail

Subdivisions 22-32


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea
Stock detail

IV


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail

IIIa


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel
Stock detail

VIId,e


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — West of Scotland, Southern Celtic Seas
Stock detail

VI and VIIa-c and f-k


Rating: four info
Full details

Spurdog, Spiny Dogfish, Dogfish, Rock Salmon or Flake

Squalus acanthias

Sharks and rays are found in all the worlds oceans, from the poles to the tropics to shallow water coral reefs to water over 3,000 m deep. The Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas) is unusual as it is able to enter fresh water river systems Read more

Picture of Spurdog, Spiny Dogfish, Dogfish, Rock Salmon or Flake
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas (Barents sea to Portuguese Coast)
Stock detail

1 to 9


Rating: five info
Full details

Squid, Argentine short fin

Illex argentinus

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Argentine short fin
Sustainability rating: four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic Trawl
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41)
Stock area — Argentine and Falkland Is EEZs & adjacent high seas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — South West Atlantic (FAO 41)
Stock area — Argentine and Falkland Is EEZs & adjacent high seas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Squid, Atlantic or European

Loligo vulgaris, Loligo forbesi

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Atlantic or European
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Scotland
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Squid, Common Chinese

Uroteuthis chinensis

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Common Chinese
Sustainability range: from four to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — Western Central Pacific Ocean (FAO 71) and Northwest Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Viet Nam, Thailand and Indonesia
Stock detail

Indonesia and Viet Nam


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — Western Central Pacific Ocean (FAO 71) and Northwest Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Viet Nam, Thailand and Indonesia
Stock detail

Thailand


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic Trawl
Capture area — Western Central Pacific Ocean (FAO 71) and Northwest Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Viet Nam, Thailand and Indonesia
Stock detail

Indonesia and Viet Nam


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Western Central Pacific Ocean (FAO 71) and Northwest Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Viet Nam, Thailand and Indonesia
Stock detail

Indonesia and Viet Nam


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic Trawl
Capture area — Western Central Pacific Ocean (FAO 71) and Northwest Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Viet Nam, Thailand and Indonesia
Stock detail

Thailand


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Western Central Pacific Ocean (FAO 71) and Northwest Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Viet Nam, Thailand and Indonesia
Stock detail

Thailand


Rating: five info
Full details

Squid, Homboldt or Jumbo

Dosidicus gigas

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Homboldt or Jumbo
Sustainability rating: four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — East Central Pacific (FAO 77)
Stock area — All areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — South East Pacific Ocean (FAO 87)
Stock area — All areas
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Squid, Indian

Loligo duvauceli

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Indian
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — Western Indian Ocean (FAO 51)
Stock area — India
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Western Indian Ocean (FAO 51)
Stock area — India
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Squid, Japanese flying

Todarodes pacificus

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Japanese flying
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — Northwest Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Japan
Stock detail

East China Sea, Yellow Sea, Bo Hai Sea, Korea Bay


Rating: two info
Full details

Sturgeon (Caught at sea)

Acipenser, Huso spp.

There are about 20 species of Sturgeon but some of them are critically endangered, such as the European Sturgeon. Avoid eating wild species.

Picture of Sturgeon (Caught at sea)
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Drift and fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North East Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Sturgeon (Farmed)

Acipenser, Huso spp.

Sturgeon is the common name used for some 26 species of fish in the family Acipenseridae, one of the oldest families of bony fish in existence, all found in the northern hemisphere. Sometimes Sturgeon is used more exclusively to refer to Read more

Picture of Sturgeon (Farmed)
Sustainability range: from two to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe and USA
Production method — Closed system
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe and USA
Production method — Open system
Rating: three info
Full details

Swordfish

Xiphias gladius

A magnificent solitary predator, extremely fast swimming with a fearsome-looking, pointed sword-like bill for stunning its prey. It can gather speed up to 50mph and can reach up to 4.5m in length! Like sharks, swordfish are at the top of Read more

Picture of Swordfish
Sustainability range: from two to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North West & Central West Atlantic (FAO 21, 31)
Stock area — North West & Central West Atlantic
Stock detail

Canadian and US certified fleets


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South West Pacific (FAO 71,77,81)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail

Certified fleets only


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Harpoon
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 77,87)
Stock area — North East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Harpoon
Capture area — South East Pacific (FAO 77,81,87)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South West Pacific (FAO 71,77,81)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Western & Central North Pacific (FAO 61,67,71,77)
Stock area — Western & Central North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 77,87)
Stock area — North East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,31,34,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South East Pacific (FAO 77,81,87)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Stock area — Mediterranean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — South East Pacific (FAO 77,81,87)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — South West Pacific (FAO 71,77,81)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: five info
Full details

Tilapia

Oreochromis niloticus niloticus

Tilapia is a low calorie, low carb and low sodium protein although it has got quite a high fat content. Its plain, rather muddy flavour allows it to take on other flavours and it can be cooked with a variety of herbs and spices. It can Read more

Picture of Tilapia
Sustainability range: from one to two info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Closed recirculation system (RAS) monoculture
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — All
Certification

ASC


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Zimbabwe
Production method — Open net pen
Rating: two info
Full details

Trout, Brown or Sea

Salmo trutta

Brown or sea and rainbow trout can be steamed or baked, whole or filleted, and is really tasty when cooked in the microwave. Also popular smoked. Not strongly flavoured but its low in fat - a third of the fat of salmon at just 135kcals per Read more

Picture of Trout, Brown or Sea
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Open net pen
Rating: three info
Full details

Trout, Rainbow

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Brown or sea and rainbow trout can be steamed or baked, whole or filleted, and is really tasty when cooked in the microwave. Also popular smoked. Not strongly flavoured but its low in fat - a third of the fat of salmon at just 135kcals per Read more

Picture of Trout, Rainbow
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Open system (pond and raceway)
Certification

Organic


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Freshwater pond without recirculation
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Open net pen and cage
Rating: three info
Full details

Tuna, albacore

Thunnus alalunga

Albacore are found throughout the world's temperate, sub-tropical and tropical oceans. They are a large species of tuna and grow more slowly than skipjack and yellowfin tuna which means they need to be well managed to prevent them from Read more

Picture of Tuna, albacore
Sustainability range: from one to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — North Pacific (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — North Pacific (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — South Pacific (FAO 81,87,71,77)
Stock area — South Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Pacific (FAO 81,87,71,77)
Stock area — American Samoa, Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji,French Polynesia, High Seas, New Zealand
Stock detail

Certified fleets only


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North Atlantic (FAO 21,27,31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North Pacific (FAO 61,71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Atlantic (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — South Pacific (FAO 81,87,71,77)
Stock area — South Pacific
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean (FAO 51,57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Stock area — Mediterranean
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: four info
Full details

Showing 106 - 121 of 136 species.
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