Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 106 - 121 of 134 species.
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Sole, Sand

Pegusa lascaris

Picture of Sole, Sand
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam Trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: four info
Full details

Sprat, whitebait

Sprattus sprattus

Sprat is used for both human consumption and for industrial purposes, e.g. food for agriculture and aquaculture. Sprat are a highly resilient species and small artisanal inshore fisheries for human consumption are unlikely to impact Read more

Picture of Sprat, whitebait
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic Sea
Stock detail — 3b-d (subdivisions 22-32)
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — English Channel (West)
Stock detail — 7d, 7e
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — West of Scotland, Celtic Seas (South)
Stock detail — 6, 7a-c, 7f-k
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail — 4, 3a
Rating: four info
Full details

Spurdog, Spiny Dogfish, Dogfish, Rock Salmon or Flake

Squalus acanthias

Spurdog (spiny dogfish, rock salmon or flake) are long-lived, slow growing and have a high age at maturity. These characteristics make them particularly vulnerable to high levels of fishing mortality. The Northeast Atlantic stock is Read more

Picture of Spurdog, Spiny Dogfish, Dogfish, Rock Salmon or Flake
Sustainability range: from two to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — State and federal waters off the Atlantic coast of the U.S.A
Stock detail
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — State and federal waters off the Atlantic coast of the U.S.A
Stock detail
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — State and federal waters off the Atlantic coast of the U.S.A
Stock detail
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — State and federal waters off the Atlantic coast of the U.S.A
Stock detail
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — State and federal waters off the Atlantic coast of the U.S.A
Stock detail
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — State and federal waters off the Atlantic coast of the U.S.A
Stock detail
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North East Atlantic and adjacent waters
Stock detail — 1-10, 12 and 14
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: five info
Full details

Squid, Argentine short fin

Illex argentinus

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Argentine short fin
Sustainability rating: four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic Trawl
Capture area — South West Atlantic (FAO 41)
Stock area — Argentine and Falkland Is EEZs & adjacent high seas
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — South West Atlantic (FAO 41)
Stock area — Argentine and Falkland Is EEZs & adjacent high seas
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Squid, Atlantic, Common, European, Veined

Loligo vulgaris, Loligo forbesi

Picture of Squid, Atlantic, Common,  European, Veined
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Squid, Atlantic, Common, European, Veined

Loligo vulgaris, Loligo forbesi

Picture of Squid, Atlantic, Common,  European, Veined
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail — 7e, 7f, 7g, 7h
Rating: three info
Full details

Squid, Indian

Loligo duvauceli

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Indian
Sustainability range: from three to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — Western Indian Ocean (FAO 51)
Stock area — India
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Western Indian Ocean (FAO 51)
Stock area — India
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Squid, Japanese flying

Todarodes pacificus

Squid (often found on menus using the Italian word 'calamari') can be stuffed whole, cut into pieces or rings, which are often deep fried, pickled, as jerky called sakiika, salted or fermented (shiokara). Squid flesh is also produced to Read more

Picture of Squid, Japanese flying
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Japan
Stock detail — East China Sea, Yellow Sea, Bo Hai Sea, Korea Bay
Rating: two info
Full details

Sturgeon (Caught at sea)

Acipenser, Huso spp.

There are about 20 species of Sturgeon but some of them are critically endangered, such as the European Sturgeon. Avoid eating wild sturgeon.

Picture of Sturgeon (Caught at sea)
Sustainability rating: five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — All applicable methods
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North East Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: five info
Full details

Sturgeon (Farmed)

Acipenser, Huso spp.

Sturgeons the world over are now greatly depleted in number and many of the 27 species - prized for their flesh and eggs (caviar) - are in rapid decline. They are vulnerable to over-exploitation because they are generally long-lived and Read more

Picture of Sturgeon (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe and USA
Production method — Closed system
Rating: two info
Full details

Swordfish

Xiphias gladius

Swordfish sustainability varies. The Best Choices are Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified. Avoid all swordfish caught by gillnet, as swordfish gillnets can be several kilometres long and catch huge numbers of dolphins, sharks and Read more

Picture of Swordfish
Sustainability range: from two to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — Canadian and US certified fleets
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific, South West (FAO 81) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail — Australia. Certified fleets only
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean: Western (FAO 51), Eastern ( FAO 57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific, North (FAO 61,67) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — Western & Central North Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific, South West (FAO 81) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Atlantic, South (FAO 41,47) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific: North East (FAO 67), Eastern Central (FAO 77), South East (FAO 87)
Stock area — North East Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Harpoon
Capture area — Pacific, South (FAO 81,87) and Eastern Central (FAO 77)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Stock area — Mediterranean
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Pacific, South West (FAO 81) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — South West Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific, South (FAO 81,87) and Eastern Central (FAO 77)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Pacific, South (FAO 81,87) and Eastern Central (FAO 77)
Stock area — South East Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: five info
Full details

Tilapia

Oreochromis niloticus niloticus

Tilapia are omnivores, and as such have a low requirement for fishmeal and fish-oil in their diets, making them net producers of fish protein and therefore a valuable aquaculture species. . When buying farmed tilapia the best choices are Read more

Picture of Tilapia
Sustainability range: from two to four info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — All
Certification — Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) certification
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — China
Production method — Open pond
Rating: four info
Full details

Trout, Rainbow

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Rainbow trout is the predominant farmed trout species as brown trout is mainly produced for restocking purposes. Wild sea trout populations are threatened in some areas. Only eat wild line-caught sea trout from well-managed fisheries, such Read more

Picture of Trout, Rainbow
Sustainability range: from two to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Freshwater pond without recirculation
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Open net pen
Rating: three info
Full details

Tuna, albacore

Thunnus alalunga

Albacore tuna has mixed sustainability, but there are many good options. The Best Choices are any albacore caught by pole-and-line or troll (which use fishing rods), or MSC-certified longline-caught albacore from the North Atlantic. Most Read more

Picture of Tuna, albacore
Sustainability range: from one to four info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific, South and Central (FAO 81,87, 71,77)
Stock area — American Samoa, Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, High Seas, New Zealand
Stock detail — Certified fleets only
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — Pacific, South (FAO 81,87) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — South Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Troll
Capture area — Pacific, North West (FAO 61) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Pacific, North West (FAO 61) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Atlantic, South (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pole & line
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific, South (FAO 81,87) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — South Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Pacific, North West (FAO 61) and Central (FAO 71,77)
Stock area — North Pacific
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Atlantic, South (FAO 41,47)
Stock area — South Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Atlantic, North (FAO 21,27) and Central (FAO 31,34)
Stock area — North Atlantic
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — Indian Ocean: Western (FAO 51), Eastern ( FAO 57)
Stock area — Indian Ocean
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Tuna, Atlantic bluefin

Thunnus thynnus

Atlantic bluefin tuna has mixed sustainability, and there are currently no Best Choice options. It was listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List, but has started to recover. However, it is not clear whether it has reached sustainable Read more

Picture of Tuna, Atlantic bluefin
Sustainability range: from four to five info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27) and Mediterranean & Black Sea (FAO 37)
Stock area — East Atlantic & Mediterranean
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Handline, pole and line
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27) and Mediterranean & Black Sea (FAO 37)
Stock area — East Atlantic & Mediterranean
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse Seine
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27) and Mediterranean & Black Sea (FAO 37)
Stock area — East Atlantic & Mediterranean
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: four info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27) and Mediterranean & Black Sea (FAO 37)
Stock area — East Atlantic & Mediterranean
Stock detail — All Areas
Rating: five info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Mediterranean
Production method — Marine net pen, capture based aquaculture
Rating: five info
Full details

Showing 106 - 121 of 134 species.
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