Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 1 - 16 of 57 species.
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Abalone

Haliotis discus hannai; Haliotis tuberculata

Abalone (called ormer in France and elsewhere) are molluscs, belonging to a group of animals known as gastropods (the same group as whelks). Abalone can be farmed on land in aquaculture systems that are enclosed, referred to as Read more

Picture of Abalone
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Ireland
Production method — Recirculating system
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — France
Production method — Open water crate
Rating: one info
Full details

Anchovy, anchovies

Engraulis encrasicolus

As an oily fish, their strong flavour is used to add a kick to many dishes and sauces, including Worcestershire Sauce, and they are widely used in Mediterranean cooking. Anchovy fillets are generally packed in oil or salt and sold in jars Read more

Picture of Anchovy, anchovies
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Bay of Biscay
Stock detail

VIII


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Bay of Biscay
Stock detail

VIII


Rating: two info
Full details

Arctic char

Salvelinus alpinus

A member of the Salmonidae family (as are salmon and trout), Arctic char (or charr) are both a freshwater and marine fish. They are native to the cold water of the Arctic and sub-arctic, occupying coastal waters and lakes. It is also a Read more

Picture of Arctic char
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Land based flow through and recirculating systems.
Rating: one info
Full details

Basa, Tra, Catfish or Vietnamese River Cobbler

Pangasius bocourti & Pangasius hypophthalmus

The group of freshwater fish known as catfish are captured from the wild or farmed for food and displayed in public aquaria dependant on the species. This farmed species natural habitat is medium to large rivers in Asian countries such as Read more

Picture of Basa, Tra, Catfish or Vietnamese River Cobbler
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — ASC certified
Rating: two info
Full details

Bass, seabass (Farmed)

Dicentrarchus labrax

Can be roasted, grilled, baked or barbecued, also be steamed or poached. Good with rosemary, garlic or lemon. Seabass are thick-set fish with silvery-scales and a rapid swimming predator, prized by anglers and chefs alike.

Picture of Bass, seabass (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Recirculating system
Rating: one info
Full details

Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)

Sparus auratus

Seabream are a group of compact, medium-sized fishes known as Sparidae. Their firm white meat is similar in taste and texture to bass and is ideal for grilling, steaming, baking and pan-frying whole. The black bream or porgy and the red or Read more

Picture of Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)
Sustainability range: from one to two info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Recirculating system
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Open net pen, organic certification
Rating: two info
Full details

Clam, Manila (Farmed)

Ruditapes philippinarium

Clams are versatile shellfish which you should only eat if they are from farmed sources (e.g. Manila or American hardshell clams) or harvested from the wild (e.g. carpet or razor clams) using sustainable manual methods such as hand Read more

Picture of Clam, Manila (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — All
Rating: one info
Full details

Cod, Atlantic Cod

Gadus morhua

The most popular cuts are steaks and fillets which can be poached, grilled or baked. It's easy and quick to cook and is traditionally served with parsley sauce and lemon wedges and of course, chips. Cod roe and milt or sperm is also eaten. Read more

Picture of Cod, Atlantic Cod
Sustainability range: from one to two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic (Barents and Norwegian Sea)
Stock detail

I & II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic (Barents and Norwegian Sea)
Stock detail

I & II


Rating: two info
Full details

Cod, Pacific Cod

Gadus macrocephalus

A member of the cod family it is a moderately fast growing, short-lived species compared to other American bottom-dwelling fish. The Pacific cod fishery is reported to be well-managed with healthy stocks. Two Pacific cod fisheries in the Read more

Picture of Cod, Pacific Cod
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Bering Sea


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Bering Sea


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Jig
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Bering Sea


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Bering Sea


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Trap
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Gulf of Alaska


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — Alaska
Stock detail

Gulf of Alaska


Rating: one info
Full details

Coley, Saithe

Pollachius virens

Sometimes called coal fish, this used to be a favourite of the nation's cats before tinned pet food was developed. Now, however, top chefs and leading supermarkets have changed all that, making it a great alternative to cod. Before cooking Read more

Picture of Coley, Saithe
Sustainability range: from one to two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak, West of Scotland and Rockall
Stock detail

IV, IIIa, VI


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I and II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I and II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroes
Stock detail

Vb


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Crab, brown or edible

Cancer pagurus

Brown crab, also known as edible crab, is the heaviest British crab and looks a bit like a pie on legs with its distinctive reddish-brown shell and pastry crust rim. About a third of the weight of the crab is meat, two thirds is white and Read more

Picture of Crab, brown or edible
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

Devon Inshore Potting Area


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

VIIe


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe


Rating: two info
Full details

Crawfish, Red Swamp

Procambarus clarkii

A member of the Cambaridae family, the Red Swamp Crawfish is commonly found in warm, fresh water. The average lifespan is five years and in this time weights of over 50g and lengths of 5 to 12cm can be reached. It is an omnivorous Read more

Picture of Crawfish, Red Swamp
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — US Southern states
Production method — Extensive pond and rice paddy
Rating: one info
Full details

Dab

Limanda limanda

A versatile fish, dab can be grilled, baked or pan-fried whole, whilst fillets can be poached. Fresh dab tastes delicious and it looks a bit like plaice or flounder with both its eyes on the right side of its head.

Picture of Dab
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Seine net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat
Stock detail

IV, IIIa


Rating: two info
Full details

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Smoked haddock is really popular, traditionally produced for generations in the smoke houses of Grimsby and Arbroath, but can also be eaten fresh, frozen or served with chips. It's low in fat and is a great source of protein. Easily Read more

Picture of Haddock
Sustainability range: from one to two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Rockall
Stock detail

VIb


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I & II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I & II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and West of Scotland
Stock detail

IV, IIIa and VIa


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and West of Scotland
Stock detail

IV, IIIa and VIa


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and West of Scotland
Stock detail

IV, IIIa and VIa


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Seine net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Rockall
Stock detail

VIb


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Rockall
Stock detail

VIb


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and West of Scotland
Stock detail

IV, IIIa and VIa


Rating: two info
Full details

Hake, Cape

Merluccius capensis; Merluccius paradoxus

Hake has a mild flavour with a medium but firm textured meat and is best poached with lemon juice. The Hake family comprise 13 species but only one, the European hake, is found in waters close to home. Although closely related, it is Read more

Picture of Hake, Cape
Sustainability rating: two info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — South East Atlantic (FAO 47)
Stock area — South Africa
Stock detail

Inshore Fishery


Rating: two info
Full details

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