Good Fish Guide

Your guide to sustainable seafood


You can play a key role in securing the future of our seas and marine wildlife by making more environmentally responsible choices when buying seafood.

Our seas face a wide range of threats. Climate change, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss are all impacting our seas; plus 90% of global fish stocks are either fully or over-exploited. All these factors combined mean that urgent action is needed to restore the health of our seas. Fish farming (aquaculture) is rapidly expanding to meet increasing demand for seafood, but if this is done badly it can also damage the environment and exacerbate these other problems.

Use the Good Fish Guide to find out which fish are the most sustainable (Green rated), and which are the least sustainable (Red rated). Make the right choice and reduce your impact – every purchase matters! Find out more about our seafood work, including how we develop our seafood ratings, plus sustainable seafood recipes and more.

Our seafood work

 
 
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Showing 1 - 15 of 86 species.
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Abalone

Haliotis discus hannai; Haliotis tuberculata

Abalone (called ormer in France and elsewhere) are molluscs, belonging to a group of animals known as gastropods (the same group as whelks). Abalone can be farmed on land in aquaculture systems that are enclosed, referred to as Read more

Picture of Abalone
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Ireland
Production method — Recirculating system
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — France
Production method — Open water crate
Rating: one info
Full details

Anchovy, anchovies

Engraulis encrasicolus

As an oily fish, their strong flavour is used to add a kick to many dishes and sauces, including Worcestershire Sauce, and they are widely used in Mediterranean cooking. Anchovy fillets are generally packed in oil or salt and sold in jars Read more

Picture of Anchovy, anchovies
Sustainability range: from two to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Bay of Biscay
Stock detail

VIII


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Bay of Biscay
Stock detail

VIII


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Ring net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine
Capture area — Eastern Central Atlantic (FAO 34)
Stock area — Northwest Africa
Stock detail

Morocco and Mauritiania


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at Sea
Capture method — Purse seine
Capture area — Mediterranean and Black Sea (FAO 37)
Stock area — Turkey
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Atlantic Iberian Waters
Stock detail

IXa


Rating: three info
Full details

Arctic char

Salvelinus alpinus

A member of the Salmonidae family (as are salmon and trout), Arctic char (or charr) are both a freshwater and marine fish. They are native to the cold water of the Arctic and sub-arctic, occupying coastal waters and lakes. It is also a Read more

Picture of Arctic char
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Land based flow through and recirculating systems.
Rating: one info
Full details

Basa, Tra, Catfish or Vietnamese River Cobbler

Pangasius bocourti & Pangasius hypophthalmus

The group of freshwater fish known as catfish are captured from the wild or farmed for food and displayed in public aquaria dependant on the species. This farmed species natural habitat is medium to large rivers in Asian countries such as Read more

Picture of Basa, Tra, Catfish or Vietnamese River Cobbler
Sustainability range: from two to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — ASC certified
Certification

ASC


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Vietnam
Production method — Ponds
Certification

GlobalGap


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Vietnam
Production method — Ponds
Certification

GAA BAP


Rating: three info
Full details

Bass, seabass (Farmed)

Dicentrarchus labrax

Can be roasted, grilled, baked or barbecued, also be steamed or poached. Good with rosemary, garlic or lemon. Seabass are thick-set fish with silvery-scales and a rapid swimming predator, prized by anglers and chefs alike.

Picture of Bass, seabass (Farmed)
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Recirculating system
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Open net pen, GlobalGAP certified
Certification

GlobalGAP


Rating: three info
Full details

Bream, Black or porgy or seabream

Spondyliosoma cantharus

Seabream are a group of compact, medium-sized fishes known as Sparidae. Their firm white meat is similar in taste and texture to bass and is ideal for grilling, steaming, baking and pan-frying whole. Black bream or porgy are commonly found Read more

Picture of Bream, Black or porgy or seabream
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Rod & line
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Rod & line
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)

Sparus auratus

Seabream are a group of compact, medium-sized fishes known as Sparidae. Their firm white meat is similar in taste and texture to bass and is ideal for grilling, steaming, baking and pan-frying whole. The black bream or porgy and the red or Read more

Picture of Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Recirculating system
Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Open net pen, organic certification
Certification

Organic


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Open net pen, GlobalGAP certified
Certification

GlobalGAP


Rating: three info
Full details

Brill

Scophthalmus rhombus

Sold as whole steaks and fillets and is sometimes used as an alternative to turbot. It is similar to turbot but has slightly smaller flakes and a sweeter taste. Brill belongs to a small family of left-eyed flatfish. It grows relatively Read more

Picture of Brill
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat, English Channel
Stock detail

IV, IIIa and VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat, English Channel
Stock detail

IV, IIIa and VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Clam, Manila (Farmed)

Ruditapes philippinarium

Clams are versatile shellfish which you should only eat if they are from farmed sources (e.g. Manila or American hardshell clams) or harvested from the wild (e.g. carpet or razor clams) using sustainable manual methods such as hand Read more

Picture of Clam, Manila (Farmed)
Sustainability rating: one info
Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — All
Rating: one info
Full details

Clam, Razor, clams

Ensis spp.

Clams are versatile shellfish which you should only eat if they are from farmed sources (e.g. Manila or American hardshell clams) or harvested from the wild (e.g. carpet or razor clams) using sustainable manual methods such as hand Read more

Picture of Clam, Razor, clams
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Manual harvesting
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hand-gathering
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Cockle, cockles

Cerastoderma edule

Best boiled then seasoned with malt vinegar and pepper, they are often pickled but also sold in a sealed packet to eat on the go. A traditional Welsh breakfast is cockles fried with bacon and served with laver bread. Cockles have Read more

Picture of Cockle, cockles
Sustainability range: from two to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hand-gathering
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Wales
Stock detail

Burry Inlet


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hand-gathering
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Wales
Stock detail

Dee Estuary


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hydraulic dredge
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Hand-gathering
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — UK
Stock detail

All Areas


Rating: three info
Full details

Cod, Atlantic Cod

Gadus morhua

The most popular cuts are steaks and fillets which can be poached, grilled or baked. It's easy and quick to cook and is traditionally served with parsley sauce and lemon wedges and of course, chips. Cod roe and milt or sperm is also eaten. Read more

Picture of Cod, Atlantic Cod
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic (Barents and Norwegian Sea)
Stock detail

I & II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic East
Stock detail

Subdivisions 24-32


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — Baltic Sea (FAO 27)
Stock area — Baltic East
Stock detail

Subdivisions 24-32


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Kattegat
Stock detail

IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Kattegat
Stock detail

IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Seine net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Kattegat
Stock detail

IIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Skagerrak, North Sea, Eastern Channel
Stock detail

IIIa, IV, VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Skagerrak, North Sea, Eastern Channel
Stock detail

IIIa, IV, VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Poundnet
Capture area — North West Atlantic (FAO 21)
Stock area — West Greenland
Stock detail

XIV NAFO 1A-E (inshore)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Skagerrak, North Sea, Eastern Channel
Stock detail

IIIa, IV, VIId


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Cod, Pacific Cod

Gadus macrocephalus

A member of the cod family it is a moderately fast growing, short-lived species compared to other American bottom-dwelling fish. The Pacific cod fishery is reported to be well-managed with healthy stocks. Two Pacific cod fisheries in the Read more

Picture of Cod, Pacific Cod
Sustainability rating: three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North West Pacific (FAO 61)
Stock area — Russia
Stock detail

West Bering Sea; East Kamchatka & Karaginsky subzones


Certification

FIP Stage 4


Rating: three info
Full details

Coley, Saithe

Pollachius virens

Sometimes called coal fish, this used to be a favourite of the nation's cats before tinned pet food was developed. Now, however, top chefs and leading supermarkets have changed all that, making it a great alternative to cod. Before cooking Read more

Picture of Coley, Saithe
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — North Sea, Skagerrak, West of Scotland and Rockall
Stock detail

IV, IIIa, VI


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail

Va


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I and II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Northeast Arctic
Stock detail

I and II


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroes
Stock detail

Vb


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pelagic trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Faroes
Stock detail

Vb


Rating: three info
Full details

Crab, brown or edible

Cancer pagurus

Picture of Crab, brown or edible
Sustainability range: from one to three info
Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h (0- 6 nm)


Rating: one info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

Devon Inshore Potting Area


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Western Channel
Stock detail

VIIe


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Celtic Sea
Stock detail

VIIg


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h (0- 6 nm)


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Wales
Stock detail

Pembrokeshire


Rating: two info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Scotland
Stock detail

Shetland


Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Southern North Sea
Stock detail

IVc


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Central North Sea
Stock detail

IVb


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Eastern Channel
Stock detail

VIId


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Irish Sea
Stock detail

VIIa


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Beam trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Gill or fixed net
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Cornwall
Stock detail

VIIe,f,g and h


Rating: three info
Full details

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Pot or creel
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Scotland
Stock detail

Orkney


Rating: three info
Full details

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