Anchovy, Peruvian,anchovies

Engraulis ringens

Method of production — Caught at sea
Capture method — Purse seine
Capture area — South East Pacific (FAO 87)
Stock area — Chile
Stock detail

Chile - Small Pelagic Fishery Regions V - X


Picture of Anchovy, Peruvian,anchovies

Sustainability rating five info

Sustainability overview

The population is at very unhealthy levels. Fishing mortality has been greatly reduced, however, this may not be low enough to rebuild the stock. There are a lack of fishery management plans, but it is managed using closed seasons, minimum mesh sizes and total allowable catches. Measures can be undermined by illegal fishing and underreported catches (the level of which is unknown). There is a lack of information regarding bycatch and ETP species, but the direct impact to bycatch and the habitat is likely to be low. Since current populations are below Blim, this fishery is automatically red-rated.

Biology

A member of the Engraulidae family, Peruvian anchovy is found in the eastern South Pacific along the coast of northern Peru, southwards to Chile. It forms huge schools in surface waters and is entirely dependent on the rich plankton of the Peruvian Current. It breeds throughout the year along the entire coast of Peru, but with a major spawning in winter/spring (July to September) and a lesser one in summer (February and March); also throughout the year off Chile, with peaks in winter (May to July) and the end of spring (especially December). Peruvian anchovy mature at about 1 year (about 10 cm standard length); attains about 8 cm standard length in 6 months, 10.5 cm in 12 months and 12 cm in 18 months (maximum length 20 cm); longevity about 3 years.

Stock information

Criterion score: 1 info

Stock Area

Chile

Stock information

The anchovy population in this area is at very unhealthy levels. Fishing mortality has been greatly reduced, however, this may not be low enough to rebuild the stock.

Management

Criterion score: 1 info

There are a lack of fishery management plans, but it is managed using closed seasons, minimum mesh sizes and total allowable catches. Measures can be undermined by illegal fishing and underreported catches (the level of which is unknown).

Capture Information

Criterion score: 1 info

There is a lack of information regarding bycatch and ETP species, but the direct impact to bycatch and the habitat is likely to be low.

References

Hoare,D. 2017. FISHERY ASSESSMENT REPORT: Common Anchovy (Engraulis ringens): Chile - Small Pelagic Fishery Regions V - X. Available at: https://www.iffors.com/sites/iffors/files/approved-raw-materials/Chile%20Anchovy%20Regions%20V-X%20Surveillance%20Yr%202%20September%202017.pdf.

Kroetz, K., Sanchirico, James N, Galarza Contreras, E., Corderi Novoa, D., Collado, N., Swiedler, E.W. Examination of the Peruvian anchovy Individual Vessel Quota (IVQ) System. Inter-American Development Bank. Environment, Rural Development and Disaster Risk Management Division. VIII. Series. IDB-WP-749. Available at: https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/8066/Examination-of-the-Peruvian-Anchovy-Individual-Vessel-Quota-IVQ-System.pdf?sequence=4

SUBPESCA. 2016. Estado de situacion der las principales pesquerias chilieanas, ano 2015. Available at: http://www.subpesca.cl/publicaciones/606/articles-92703_recurso_1.pdf