Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)

Sparus auratus

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Europe
Production method — Recirculating system
Picture of Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)

Sustainability rating one info

Sustainability overview

Gilthead sea bream in France can be farmed in land based tanks known as recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). These enclosed systems have the advantage of not having any interaction with the surrounding environment and prevent escapes, pollution and disease transfer. Fish farmed in this way are a good environmental choice.

Feed Resources

Criterion Score: 0

Sea Bream are a fed species, requiring a commercial diet containing fish and vegetable proteins and oils. Sea bream produced in France use traceable, responsibly sourced feed. Sea bream require fishmeal and fish oil in their diet making them a net consumer of fish protein rather than producers.


Environmental Impacts

Criterion Score: 7

Sea bream produced in a fully enclosed recirculating system address all of the issues of environmental concern such as escapes, discharges, habitat impacts and disease transfer.


Fish Health and Welfare

Criterion Score: 0

It is unknown if any fish welfare and humane slaughter standards are in place for this production method, however the fully enclosed system does prevent widespread transfer of disease outside of the production system



Criterion Score: 3

Overall the management is effective as the land based fully enclosed nature of the production system does not require the same regulation or planning requirements as an open system. This system is not certified to any independent production standards.


Production method

Recirculating system

Gilthead sea bream in France can be farmed in land based tanks known as recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS).


Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below. Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.

Basa, Tra, Catfish or Vietnamese River Cobbler
Bass, seabass (Farmed)
Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)
Cod, Atlantic Cod
Coley, Saithe
Hake, Cape
Hake, European
Monkfish, Anglerfish
Pollock, Alaska, Walleye
Sturgeon (Farmed)


Gilthead bream can grow to a length of 70cm and live for as long as 11 years. It is a sedentary species found in depths of up to 150m. Spawning occurs between November and December.


Performance of the sea bass and sea bream sector in the Mediterranean. Minutes of a Workshop held within Aquaculture Europe 2014

FAO 2005-2018.Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme. Sparus aurata. Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme. Text by Colloca, F.; Cerasi, S. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated 8 February 2005

FAO National Aquaculture Legislation Overview. France. Accessed 05/09/2015. Available online at: Accessed 05/09/2015