Capture method — Demersal otter trawl
Capture area — North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area — Iceland
Stock detail —
The longline, handline and Danish seine fishery for haddock in Iceland’s EEZ was certified to the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) standard as an environmentally responsible fishery in June 2011. Certified and therefore fully traceable haddock is the best choice for haddock from this area.
Haddock is a cold-temperate (boreal) species. It is a migratory fish, found in inshore shallow waters in summer and in deep water in winter. Smaller than cod, it can attain a length of 70-100 cm and can live for more than 20 years. It spawns between February and June, but mostly in March and April. In the North Sea, haddock become sexually mature at an age of 3-4 years and a length of 30-40 cm. Maturity occurs later and at greater lengths in more northern areas of its range.
Criterion score: 0.5 info
The spawning-stock biomass (SSB) increased from 2001 to 2004, after several strong year classes, and was large until 2008. The SSB has decreased since 2008, but stabilized above Bpa in recent years. The harvest rate is currently estimated near the management target of 0.4. Recruitment (R) is highly variable. The 2014 year class is estimated to be strong, and the 2015 and 2016 year classes are close to the average.
ICES advises that when the Iceland management plan is applied, catches in the fishing year 2018/2019 should be no more than 57 982 tonnes (41 390 tonnes in 2017/2018; 34,600 tonnes in 2017; 36,400 t in 2016; 30,400 t in 2015; 38,000 t in 2014; 32,000 t in 2013).
Criterion score: 0.25 info
A management plan evaluated by ICES as precautionary and in conformity with the MSY approach was adopted by the Icelandic Government in April 2013. The plan implies substantial reduction in fishing effort compared to the last 30 years. The longline, handline and Danish seine fishery for haddock in Iceland’s EEZ was certified to the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) standard as an environmentally responsible fishery in June 2011.
Criterion score: 0.5 info
Haddock is caught in directed haddock fisheries, as well as in mixed demersal fisheries targeting cod. Equal amounts are taken in bottom trawl fisheries and by longlines, with a small proportion taken by Danish seine. There is potential for damage to the seabed from trawling. Trawling is also associated with discarding of unwanted fish, i.e. undersized and/or non-quota and/or over-quota species. The minimum landing size for haddock in EU waters is 30cm (27cm in Skaggerak/Kattegat). Discards in this fishery have been low since 2001 and are now estimated at between 1% and 5% (by weight), less than 2% in recent years, compared to up to 20% in the late 1990s.
Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below. Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.Basa, Tra, Catfish or Vietnamese River Cobbler
Bass, seabass (Farmed)
Bream, Gilthead (Farmed)
Cod, Atlantic Cod
Cod, Pacific Cod
Pollock, Alaska, Walleye
ReferencesICES 2018. ICES Advice on fishing opportunities, catch, and effort Greenland Sea and Icelandic Waters ecoregions Published 13 June 2018 http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2018/2018/had.27.5a.pdf (Accessed June 2018);
ICES Advice 2017, Book 2 http://ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2017/2017/had.27.5a.pdf