Capture method — Longline
Capture area — North Pacific (FAO 67)
Stock area — USA
Stock detail — Alaska, Washington and Oregon.
Certification — Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Stocks are managed sustainably by the International Pacific Halibut Commission who apply strict harvesting conditions. Longline fisheries for Pacific halibut in the waters of Alaska, Washington, Oregon and British Columbia have been certified by the MSC as environmentally sustainable. These are the best choice for the fishery.
Distributed on or near the continental shelf throughout the north Pacific, Pacific halibut are found at a range of depths. Older fish are found in deeper waters in the winter and only move into shallower waters in the summer. Younger fish are found in shallower waters. Males can reach a size of 260cm and females of about 270cm; maximum reported age is 42 years. Females grow faster and live longer than males. Maturity is at about 5 years for males and 7 years for females. Spawning period is from November to January at depths of 200 to 1500 feet.
Stocks in the area are healthy and productive. A Quota of 24,000 metric tonnes is in place.
The International Pacific Halibut Commission has responsibility for managing stocks and applies strict harvesting conditions. These include a minimum commercial size limit of 81.3cm; a boat weight limit; seasonal restrictions, and closed areas. Allocation of individual quotas have meant that the halibut fishery is commercially sustainable. The harvesting season runs from March to November. Longline fisheries for Pacific halibut in the waters of Alaska, Washington, Oregon and British Columbia have been certified by the MSC as environmentally sustainable.
Longlining is a less fuel intensive and more selective method of fishing.There is, however, a possible bycatch of shark and other non-target species including seabirds, ask for fish caught using 'seabird-friendly' methods. See Fishing Methods for details. Measures have however been introduced in this fishery to reduce the ecological impacts of longline fishing. Accurate records are kept on bycatch species and their respective characteristics. Reliable estimates are available of all populations related to the fishery.
Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below. Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.Dab
Halibut, Atlantic (Farmed)
Sole, Dover sole, Common sole