Mussel, mussels (Farmed)
Production country — UK
Production method — Suspension culture
Mussel farming requires no feed inputs therefore farming of mussels is a good way of producing seafood. Also there are no chemicals used in mussel farming. As only naturally occurring spat are used for on-growing therefore escapes is not an issue.
Criterion Score: 6
Mussels are a non-fed shellfish species who get all of their nutrient requirements from the surrounding water.
Criterion Score: 4
Environmental impacts of production are minimal and are limited to puesdofaeces deposition under ropes and disturbance of local bird prey species.
Fish Health and Welfare
Criterion Score: 2
Welfare standards are not applicable to cultured shellfish species.
Criterion Score: 1
Management measures and regulations are in place for the farming of mussels and are effective. There are no individual certification standards that apply to this species.
In the UK mussels are grown by suspension rope culture. Mussels grown by suspension rope culture are generally harvested by hand-gathering methods.
Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below. Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.Abalone
Clam, Manila (Farmed)
Crab, brown or edible
Lobster, Norway, Langoustine, Dublin Bay prawn or scampi
Mussel, mussels (Farmed)
Oyster, Native, oysters (Caught at sea)
Oyster, Native, oysters (Farmed)
Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Caught at sea)
Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Farmed)
Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns
Prawn, Northern prawns, Northern shrimp
Prawn, Tiger prawns (Farmed)
Scallop, King, scallops
Scallop, Queen, scallops
Squid, Japanese flying
Common mussels are bivalve molluscs found on shores throughout the North Atlantic, Mediterranean, North and Baltic Seas. They normally live in large aggregations, attaching themselves to rocks and each other with sticky threads known as byssus. Size and shape vary widely, but the colour is always deep bluish purple. Shell up to 10 cm but usually much smaller. Mussels mature when one year old and may live 10-15 years or more.
ReferencesFAO 2004-2018. Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme. Mytilus edulis. Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme. Text by Goulletquer, P. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated 1 January 2004. [Cited 7 September 2018].
FAO 2005-2018. National Aquaculture Legislation Overview. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. National Aquaculture Legislation Overview (NALO) Fact Sheets. Text by Spreij, M. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated 23 February 2005. [Cited 7 September 2018].
Beveridge, M.C.M., 2001. Aquaculture and wildlife interactions. Environmental Impact Assessment of Mediterranean Aquaculture Farms. CIHEAM, Zaragoza, Spain, pp.85-90.