Mussel, mussels (Farmed)

Mytilus edulis

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — UK
Production method — Suspension culture
Picture of Mussel, mussels (Farmed)

Sustainability rating one info

Sustainability overview

Mussel farming requires no feed inputs therefore farming of mussels is a good way of producing seafood. Also there are no chemicals used in mussel farming. As only naturally occurring spat are used for on-growing therefore escapes is not an issue.

Biology

Common mussels are bivalve molluscs found on shores throughout the North Atlantic, Mediterranean, North and Baltic Seas. They normally live in large aggregations, attaching themselves to rocks and each other with sticky threads known as byssus. Size and shape vary widely, but the colour is always deep bluish purple. Shell up to 10 cm but usually much smaller. Mussels mature when one year old and may live 10-15 years or more.

Management

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Production method

Suspension culture

In the UK mussels are grown by suspension rope culture. Mussels grown by suspension rope culture are generally harvested by hand-gathering methods.

References

http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Mytilus_edulis/en#tcNA009D

http://www.fao.org/fishery/legalframework/nalo_uk/en#tcNB0019

Aquaculture and wildlife interactions.M.C.M. Beveridge.Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling