Capture method — Hook & line
Capture area — Indian Ocean, Western (FAO 51) and Pacific, Western Central (FAO 71)
Stock area — All Areas
Stock detail —
Sepia officinalis has been assessed as being of Least Concern by IUCN - The World Conservation Union. Although it is the focus of large-scale commercial fisheries, particularly in the Mediterranean Sea and off the west coast of Africa and may be close to being overexploited in some regions e.g. Mediterranean, it has a wide geographic range and is thus likely not under threat.
Cuttlefish (family Sepiidae) belong to a specialised group of molluscs, known as cephalopods, which also includes octopus and squid. In the North East Atlantic and Mediterranean, the main commercial species is the common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis), although other species (S. elegans and S. orbignyana) are fished in the Mediterranean. Cuttlefish have eight arms and two tentacles, like squid, but differ from other cephalopods by the presence of a significant internal skeletal/buoyancy structure, the cuttle bone, which is often found washed up on beaches. The common cuttlefish typically has a two year lifecycle, whilst in southern areas one year is normal. After overwintering in deeper waters, cuttlefish move into shallow coastal waters to breed in spring and summer. Females only breed once, and die soon after laying up to 4,000 eggs, which are around 8-10 mm in diameter and known as sea grapesa. They take up to two months to hatch. Males live longer, and breed more than once. Cuttlefish can attain body lengths of up to 45 cm and weigh up to 4 kg, although typically 20-30 cm and 1-2 kg is normal.
Criterion score: 0.5 info
Sepia officinalis has been assessed as being of Least Concern by IUCN - The World Conservation Union. Although it is the focus of large-scale commercial fisheries, particularly in the Mediterranean Sea and off the west coast of Africa and may be close to being overexploited in some regions e.g. Meditarranean, it has a wide geographic range and is thus likely not under threat. Furthermore, FAO statisitics indicate a constant yield of approximately 15,000 tonnes per year suggesting no overall decline in stocks worldwide.
There are no specific managment measures for cuttlefish. Southern IFCA promote a voluntary Code of Practise (SIFCA Cuttlefish Traps Code of Practice) requesting fishers to minimise the removal or damage to cuttle eggs attached to gear when shooting, hauling or cleaning. Traps should also remain underwater until September. This allows any attached cuttle eggs to hatch.
Hook & line and jig fisheries are low impact gears, generally posing a low risk to other species and the habitats. However, cuttlefish are caught in traps when they come inshore to lay their eggs and when eggs their are laid on the traps they are destroyed during harvest or when the traps are cleaned at the end of the fishing season. The English Channel is the main fishing ground for the common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) in the UK where it is targeted commercially by a variety of fishing methods. It is also taken as a valuable bycatch in demersal fisheries, using otter and beam trawls.
Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below. Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.Abalone
Clam, Manila (Farmed)
Crab, brown or edible
Lobster, Norway, Langoustine, Dublin Bay prawn or scampi
Mussel, Chilean (Farmed)
Mussel, mussels (Farmed)
Oyster, Native, oysters (Caught at sea)
Oyster, Native, oysters (Farmed)
Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Caught at sea)
Oyster, Pacific, oysters (Farmed)
Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns
Prawn, Northern prawns, Northern shrimp
Prawn, Tiger prawns (Farmed)
Scallop, King, scallops
Squid, Japanese flying