Prawn, Tiger prawns (Farmed)

Penaeus monodon

Method of production — Farmed
Production country — Global
Production method — Pond system
Certification — Organic certification
Picture of Prawn, Tiger prawns (Farmed)

Sustainability rating two info

Sustainability overview

Organic Certification Standards for prawn set comprehensive standards for production which includes third party auditing and site inspection, the production standards cover hatchery production and feed production. Organic standards require that the number of negative environmental impacts that can be associated with prawn farming are addressed in their production standards. In general issues of environmental concern include: Impacts on ecologically sensitive habitats; the risk of salinisation of freshwater bodies; discharge of organic matter and nutrients leading to environmental changes; use of chemicals and therapeutics in production and the potential of disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns. Marine prawns are carnivorous requiring high protein inclusion on their diet, this is one of the most critical concerns regarding prawn farming as the supply of fishmeal and fish-oil being used is, in general not traceable to species level and is not certified sustainable. With organic prawns their is no dependency on wild capture fisheries for direct use into feeds.

Feed Resources

Criterion Score: 3

The ingredients that make up organic feed are required to be traceable and responsibly sourced. Marine by-products are encouraged and terrestrial ingredients have to be organic.

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Environmental Impacts

Criterion Score: -3

Freshwater supplies and habitats can be impacted but are mitigated for within the standard requirements. Chemical usage and effluent are monitored and limited and biosecurity measures minimise disease outbreaks and escapes. Predator control is encouraged to be the use of non-lethal deterrents, although some countries allow lethal control.

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Fish Health and Welfare

Criterion Score: 1

No welfare criterion are included as crustacea are not included in EU welfare regulations. Regional disease outbreaks are prevented by on-site management practices.

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Management

Criterion Score: 3

There is no reference to strategic environmental planning and this would be down to country level production. The certification standard covers all environmental aspects we would expect to see enshrined in regulation and certification status indicated effectiveness.

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Production method

Pond system

Prawn /shrimp are farmed in saline/brackish water ponds of various sizes and intensities in many countries, either in coastal areas or inland within or outside the intertidal zone.

Biology

The tiger prawn belongs to the largest of the prawn and shrimp family, the Penaeidae. Its lifecycle may be divided into 6 stages or phases, from embryo to adult, which it completes in one year. The age of sexual maturity varies from 5 to 11 months. They can live up to 2 years in the wild although farmed prawns are usually harvested at 6 months.

References

Asia-Pacific fishery commission food and agriculture organization of the united nations regional office for Asia and the pacific. 2007. A qualitative assessment of standards and certification schemes applicable to aquaculture in the Asia-pacific region.Annes 6. Organic Schemes. Available online at:http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/ai388e/AI388E00.htm#Contents

IFOAM. 2010. Organic Aquaculture.EU Regulations (EC) 834/2007,(EC) 889/2008, (EC) 710/2009. Background, Assessement, Interpretation. Available online at: https://www.ifoam-eu.org/sites/default/files/page/files/ifoameu_iamb_reg_organic_aquaculture_dossier_2010_en.pdf

FAO 2005-2018. Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme. Penaeus monodon. Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme. Text by Kongkeo, H. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated 29 July 2005. [Cited 11 September 2018].