Atlantic Puffin - Fratercula Arctica

Population trend: Decreasing … In winter, the puffin’s famously colourful beak becomes dull and grey

Type: Seabird (Alcidae/Auk family)

Location: From the eastern coast of Canada and the northern United States to the western coast of Europe and northern Russia. Around 10% of the world’s puffins live in the UK.

Size: Approx 25 cm long.

Habitat: Open ocean and rocky cliffs.

Main Threats:
The greatest threats to Atlantic puffins are all man-made. These include over-fishing in puffin breeding grounds, pollution (such as oil spills), and the introduction of predators on the ground (rats and mink). These threats put puffins at risk because of their low reproductive rates and the fact that they breed in concentrated colonies.

Although classified as ‘Least Concern’ worldwide by the IUCN, the puffin is on the UK’s Amber list of bird species, meaning it is of medium conservation concern.

Also known as the Common Puffin, approximately 581,000 pairs nest in the UK. They live with a single mate for many years and lay a single egg in the spring, nesting in burrows, often old rabbit or shearwater burrows.

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